Brazil Horror – Carandiru Massacre



Symmetry lurks behind coincidence especially in conspiracies.   In the UK the police are being investigated for their role in the tragedy at the Hillsborough football ground that occurred 25 years ago.  96 football fans lost their lives because police forced spectators outside the ground into an overcrowded section inside the stadium. In Brazil, 20 years after the police killed 100 inmates inside Carandiru prison, sentences have been given to the policemen that took part in the massacre.

This week 15 policemen have each received prison sentences of 48 years.  The sentences are substantial but they are subject to appeal.  Colonel Ubiratan Guimaraes, who led the assault on the prison, was convicted in 2001.   He was subsequently acquitted on appeal.  The defence lawyers argue that the policemen shot in self-defence.  There was a prison riot.   But in the movie the prisoners surrendered before the slaughter took place, and the movie is based on what the survivors say.  Not all the survivors were impartial but there is enough evidence from accounts of witnesses to convince juries.  Appeals can hear superior evidence but sometimes they actually hear less because of technicalities, especially if the accused are establishment figures represented by expensive lawyers.

30 years is the most a prisoner can serve.  The sentence of 43 years for each policeman is symbolic and perhaps a warning to the appeal court but, if it is, it cannot be regarded as an omen of success.  Colonel Ubiratan Guimaraes was sentenced to 632 years.  After his appeal, he lives as a free man.  There is hope for ‘know nothing’ Rebekah Brookes.

59 prisoners were killed in Brazilian prison fights in 2013.  Existence in a Brazilian prison is brutal but the regime is liberal.  Prisons have open days when prisoners are allowed to have their wives visit them.  Sex is permitted.  Prisoners can have days out as a reward for good behaviour.  The brutality is economic.  Lack of investment means serious overcrowding.  Brazilian prisons are difficult to live in and impossible to police.  Carandiru was built to house 4000 prisoners.  When the riot took place at Carandiru the prison housed 8000 prisoners.   The rioting began in the prison and 9 of the prison victims were killed by other prisoners.   Intervention was needed.

But numbers haunt the tragedy.  There are the long prison sentences, 73 policemen convicted in total, the number of years taken to secure convictions, the number of prisoners killed by the police, 102 and the time it took, 30 minutes.   The police went into the cells and killed prisoners who were hiding and had surrendered.  This is what moviemakers, juries and judges believe.   The police killed 102 prisoners because they could and because they wanted to send a warning to other prison populations.   Except it was not simply expedient logic.  Or at least that it was what you feel watching the movie.  The policemen lost their heads because the sight of overcrowded and troublesome prisoners evoked disgust and contempt.  And where have we heard that before?

Here is the trailer for the film Carandiru:


If you want to read more about Brazil click here





Elvis Presley Challenge No. 35 – Kenneth Mathieson Dalglish

These are the words of my father, ‘At the end of the day, it’s a ball bouncing around between two onion bags.  I wouldn’t line the cockloft with any of them.’

Translated into English it means, ‘ The progress of any football team is much more dependent on luck than observers acknowledge.   Footballers and their managers are nowhere near as competent and worthy as they like to pretend. ‘

DalglishDalglish was a great footballer and probably the best who ever played for Liverpool.   Certainly, Dalglish was the best buy that the club made.  He was a great team player, was consistent and rarely missed a game.   The perfect target man, he ensured the ball almost always went from him to another Liverpool player.  He could do this without relying on the pass back unlike many other strikers.  His passes either went sideways or split defences.   He is, for many football fans in Liverpool, the ultimate hero.   But this does not mean that he would be suitable for the cockloft.  No man is a hero to his valet.  Spend ten minutes with a taxi driver in Southport and you will often hear a different perspective about the great man.

Adrian Beecroft has proposed that sacking people in Britain is too difficult.  It appears that you need a reason and thinking of one is just too confusing for our great entrepreneurs who supposedly have the ability to lead us to a new high definition economic plateau.   This proposal should make us all angry but this week the sacking of Dalglish has occupied fans more than the erosion of their industrial rights.   The annual salary for Dalglish necessitated six figures.  The compensation payment is rumoured to be several millions.  Supposedly, he was offered an alternative post within Liverpool Football Club.  He chose the compensation payment instead.  There has been little indignation about the Adrian Beecroft proposal from football fans.  Without any flattering smiles from attractive young women, Vince Cable, who is also a member of the Coalition Government, described the proposal as ‘completely the wrong approach.’   This means that he disagrees with it and it will be dropped.   We have been fortunate.    The single parents who will have to register as unemployed as soon as their marriage explodes into fragments are not so lucky.

Meanwhile, sacked Dalglish has become for too many fans their Diana.   His response to the Hillsborough disaster when he made Dalglish supportersit a personal responsibility to attend as many funerals as he could should never be forgotten.  He demonstrated real valour and worth.     But the dismissal of Dalglish has happened now.   He is not a victim.   Not because he is a bad man but simply because of how the economics of this society work.    There are those who receive rewards that can never be justified.   It may not be his fault and, admittedly Dalglish only belongs in that category because he was exceptionally talented, but the winners are invariably overpaid and are always able to move on.   The ordinary people in low paid jobs whom half the Government want to be able to sack without a reason, they call it ‘no fault dismissal,’ will find themselves in Job Centre gangs chasing part time jobs.   In a couple of months, King Kenny would be welcomed on any TV show as a football commentator.   Actually, I think he will be better than that and resist the offers.   His hostility to the media which has been criticised and may have lost him his job is one of his more admirable qualities.    And, no, I am not defending his handling of the Suarez affair.

Football is becoming a dangerous distraction.   True, I have been preoccupied with rock and roll for all my life.   But I hope that these challenges demonstrate that a love of Elvis music and rock and roll can be combined with a sense of political responsibility.   The fans who believed that football was important because of its working class roots and the solidarity it created need to open their eyes.   Season tickets at a £1000 each have nothing to do with working class unity.     Some working class people can afford them but many cannot and the numbers of the disenfranchised are increasing.

But this is the point argue some of those that have bemoaned the loss of Dalglish.   Liverpool Football Club is not like Chelsea.  It Bill Shanklyhad socialist values.   This is nonsense.  The connection to socialism was always remote.  That marvellous working class hero and its most famous manager, Bill Shankly, voted Labour and assumed he was a socialist but he was more a class conscious populist with strong and somewhat dangerous meritocratic sympathies.   His phrase ‘First is first and second is nowhere’ is not redolent with egalitarian compassion.   Many Liverpool fans are anti-Tory but the club has always been a business.   Football was about money from the very beginning, even when clubs were not allowed to make a profit.   God, those were the days.   Brian Clough, our other working class hero, was certainly interested in the green stuff which is why he was so interested in heavy brown envelopes.

The difference today is that business is more ruthless and calculating.   Now, it is either about getting super rich or gangsters and John Henrydespots using their money to buy success.  Who was it who won the Champions League and the Premier League?  Well, yes.   The only hope that Liverpool fans have is that the owners, Fenway Sports Group, are competent at running businesses based on sporting competition.  They clearly know how to get wealthy from hedge funds but I have never been convinced that millionaires are cleverer than the rest of us.   Rich people queued up to buy overpriced Facebook shares.    The face of John Henry which appears to be far from authentic makes me uneasy.   I never wear them but if I had to have dinner with him I would feel safer with a cravat around my neck.

Still, we all want success?  I am not so sure anymore.   People have accused Elvis of becoming fake showbiz in Vegas but comparedElvis to the patronising rituals Manchester City fans had to endure in Manchester the other week Elvis looks like a man who was determined to honour his roots.  (Actually, I think Vegas Elvis was a lot more faithful to his working class roots than people realise but if you want an argument you will have to buy the book.)

I am in the half of Liverpool fans that believe Dalglish should have been sacked but like most of them I would have been happier if he had accepted to stay with the club in another capacity.  The debate about what his record last year justifies will never be resolved because a football team is always a work in progress.  Half the fans were convinced by what they saw and half were not.   I belong with the latter.   In a world where we appear keen to sack people with a no fault clause there should also be some financial responsibility or sense of proportion.   The £100m that was squandered has to have significance.   And like my father I do not believe in the myth of the manager ‘who turns it around’.  They can exist and Shankly and Clough are fine examples but success often requires other factors such as infrastructure, opportunity and good old fashioned teamwork and support.  Maybe our millionaires and football heroes should remember that when they vote for governments who want to fire people without a reason.

If you want to read about Elvis, rock and roll and much more click here.